The main motto of sperm preparation is to choose those sperm, which likely will result in successful fertilization. Semen sample is cleaned and filtered, during this filtration, healthiest sperm remain there and unwanted sperm gets away. Once the expert gets all the sperm in healthy condition, these are then washed in a solution (this solution holds broad spectrum antibiotics, which in turn minimize the risk of infection). The solution also hyper-activates semen (sperm) providing the sperm more energy to facilitate ability to enter into the egg’s cytoplasm after fusion.
Performing this step of semen preparation, the experts can easily evaluate whether any treatment in required or not. If a male is found to be infertile; infertility in males is of three kinds- basic, intermediate and acute male infertility. On the basis of fertility level, treatment is decided and recommended to the patient, whether IUI (intra-Uterine Insemination) or IVF along with ICSI is required. Under semen preparation, the specialists become conscious and able to come to a decision which solution will be best to have successful outcome.